Saturday, May 23, 2020
Communication is vital organ of any organisation. Communication plays a significant role running efficiently day to day operations of the company. Communication practices in organisations play a decisive role in companyÃ¢â¬â¢s success and failure (Fearn-Banks, 2010). The purpose of this paper is to explore Hynes strategic approach to managerial communication. The paper will further investigate a situation that depicts communication crises. For the purpose of the communication crises analysis, case study of Walmart has been selected to investigate deeply into the crisis and devising solutions for managing the communication issues. Managerial Communication Just as the organs, brain, eye, heart, kidney, liver and lungs are vital to sustainÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦70% to 90% of the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s time is spent in communication irrespective of the type of organisation. This is because, within an organisation, a manager is responsible for handling vast amount of information. Therefore, a manager should have strong communication skills in order to select most significant and timely pieces of information and should be able to sort from the information pool and to disseminate information appropriately. Although the communication is not an easy process and therefore, most of the time, the managers are face numerous barriers and challenges to overcome the hurdles and to establish a natural continuous and appropriate communication structure within the organisation in order to communicate effectively from the subordinates (Seeger, Sellnow, Ulmer, 2012). For effective managerial communication, the managers of the organisation should be skill full and should be well versed and well aware of the cultural norms of the organisation. For establishing the best communication channel within the organisation, understanding cultural norms help the managers to enhance the communication flow and structure of the organisation. The manager should also be well aware of the purpose of communication and should also take care of the quality of language and the receiver of message. The manager should also take care of the message content and should also have the
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
A Rose for Emily tells the tale of a lonely woman named Emily Grierson and the events that occur since her father died up and up until her death. The unique thing about this story is that it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t told in chronological order. Faulkner transitions from the past to the present all throughout the story. The events being out of order make the story more interesting and it also creates suspense. The audience might be confused at times but at the end of the story everything adds up and makes sense. I think that if Faulkner had told it in chronological order it would have been boring and predictable. The story is divided into five sections. The first section says that Miss Emily has died and the whole town goes to her funeral. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Emily and Homer grow closer and the townspeople notice their relationship. They start to gossip and bad mouth them because itÃ¢â¬â¢s embarrassing to her family that Emily is dating a man from a lower social class than her. T ired of being ridiculed by the whole town, Emily goes to a drugstore to buy arsenic. The druggist says, Ã¢â¬Å"if thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what you want. But the law requires you to tell what you are going to use it for.Ã¢â¬ (Faulkner 213), but Emily didnÃ¢â¬â¢t say anything. All throughout the story, Faulkner writes in a way that makes us feel sympathy for Emily. For example, at the end of the story we find out that she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really commit suicide with the arsenic she bought. When I was reading the third section, I really felt bad for Emily because I thought that she was going to commit suicide. Her life seemed pretty horrible. Her father died so she was pretty much all alone and then when she finally found love, the town wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop ridiculing her. So it made sense to me that she had reasons to kill herself. FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s out of order events tricked us into thinking she bought the arsenic for herself. In a way, this made the story more interesting because when I was reading that paragraph, I was really interested in it. Even the townspeople assume that she is going to kill herself so they call a Baptist minister to personally speak with Emily. The minister tried his best to help but he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t so his wife writes to EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s two cousins that live inShow MoreRelatedA Rose for Emily889 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLiterary Analysis for Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Sometimes a Rose is Not a Rose: A Literary Analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ , written by William Faulkner, the negative impact of EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s upbringing by an overprotective father, leads to incredible pattern in her life and the obvious mental illness that takes over as she not so graciously ages. While written in five sections, the first and last section is written in present time, and the three middle sectionsRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"a Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ 1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Character Analysis of Miss Emily Grierson Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ written by William Faulkner, is a story of Miss Emily Grierson, a woman who was born into a wealthy family in the town of Jefferson. She grew up and lived in a huge Victorian home with servants. After the Civil War, it seems that her familyÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth started to diminish but the GriersonÃ¢â¬â¢s were still trapped in the past of their familyÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth. Emily GriersonÃ¢â¬â¢s past and present life is being recalled by a narratorRead Morerose for emily1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Ã¢â¬Å"A rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ is a story about Emily Grierson who kills her Yankee boyfriend Homer Barron and lives with his body in her bedroom for over forty years. However, the story is not really about Miss EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s actions, but more about the society that made her into who she is and how it conflicted with the ever changing post southern civil war society. Miss Emily grew up as part of an aristocratic Southern family, with an overpowering father who refused to allow her to be courtedRead MoreA Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢764 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesis a much deeper and more significantÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢. In a Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ starts off were the people are in EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s funeral they describe her as the women she was a fallen monument. A number of personality and intent can be an indication of much larger plot in a rose for Emily by William Faulkner. She was I person that when she want something she would gated. A number of personality and intent can be an indication of much larger plot in a rose for Emily by William Faulkner. She was I person that whenRead MoreA Rose for Emily731 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageselements of Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Gothic can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"literature dealing with the strange, mysterious, and supernatural designed to invoke suspense and terror in the reader.Ã¢â¬ (Pickering, 2004, p. 1425) Gothic literature generally presents the same themes and motifs: love lost, hidden secrets, love and death hand in hand, beauty, youth, grotesque characters, macabre eroticism, etc. Gothic literature also explores taboo subjects such as murder, suicide and incest. Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ , by WilliamRead MoreRose for Emily1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEscaping Loneliness In A Rose for Emily, William Faulkners use of setting and characterization foreshadows and builds up to the climax of the story. His use of metaphors prepares the reader for the bittersweet ending. A theme of respectability and the loss of, is threaded throughout the story. Appropriately, the story begins with death, flashes back to the past and hints towards the demise of a woman and the traditions of the past she personifies. Faulkner has carefully crafted a multi-layeredRead MoreA Rose for Emily654 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesLasinda Lemons Professor Hix English 1302 Section 11417 October 2, 2006 A Rose for Emily In Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ I feel the story is being narrated in third person not only by one person but also from several of the townspeople, most of those being white southern locals (based on the time period of the story). The story is set in Jefferson, Mississippi during the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s. The author of the story William Faulkner himself came from Mississippi, which is an inspiration for manyRead MoreA Rose for Emily1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesA Rose for Emily Essay Title: The Jealous Townspeople I. Thesis Statement: A Rose for Emily is a story of the envy harbored by the citizens in reaction to Miss EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s pride, reclusiveness, and heritage. II. A. Topic Sentence: Miss EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s heritage is the first and most important reason the townÃ¢â¬â¢s people were desirous of her. 1. Supporting Sentence: Miss Grierson was born into a prominent family the residents of her town recognized as being an old and distinguished family. Read MoreCharacter Analysis of Emily Rose in a Rose for Emily726 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe character Emily Rose in A Rose for Emily is considered a static character because; her traits throughout the story do not change. In the story she is deemed as quiet, inhuman and, even mad. However, through further inspection; there are characteristics displayed throughout the story that can possibly prove that Emily was a dynamic character. Throughout the piece Emily changes both mentally, socially and physically. Miss Emily, the main character of this story, lives for many years as a recluse;Read MoreEmily Grierson From A Rose For A Rose For Emily1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescritical essay that Emily Grierson from a Ã¢â¬Å"Rose for Ã¢â¬ËA Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ was empowered and victimized by her gender and class. However the girl from Ã¢â¬Å"Boys and GirlsÃ¢â¬ and Gertrude from Hamlet had not been as lucky as Miss Emily. In a Ã¢â¬Å"Rose for Ã¢â¬ËA Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Emily Grierson was the daughter of Mr. Grierson, who was a respected man in Jefferson. After his death Miss Emily still conserved her title of a lady even if all the town folks knew that she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have money left. Miss Emily took advantage of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Act of Valor TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society consists of a diverse human race that shares a common goal, to live life to its fullest potential. In the film, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Rings, the main character, Frodo, is set out on a quest to destroy the ring that has long acquired the presence of evil. On his quest to destroy the ring, he encounters many challenges. We will write a custom essay sample on The Act of Valor or any similar topic only for you Order Now His challenges consists of keeping the ring safe from the evil ones who want it back, making sure the ring gets to the destination, and keeping his life safe from harm. Along his journey, he is joined by a couple of his friends, all of which he must learn to trust, in order to destroy the rings that possesses evil. They are faced with the challenges to keep safe from Saruman and his orcs, the black riders, and SauronÃ¢â¬â¢s soul. Throughout his journey, his qualities of a hero show. He owns the qualities of resilience, determination, courage, trust, and heroism. Without the qualities he possesses, it would have been an impossible task to complete. Frodo faces many challenges as he tries to destroy the ring. Those who seek to retrieve the ring are out to murder him. Without the help of his friends and those who care for him, he would not have stayed alive. Through his courage and determination, he shows that he can be trusted to be the one that destroys the ring. He is equipped with many qualities that help him complete the task. His optimism brought the strength he needed to succeed. As individuals in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, we face many challenges in our lives. Yes, challenges can bring us down, but it also makes us stronger. Some of us are faced with challenges such as being able to survive, fighting cancer, being the first to go to college, being able to pay for bills, etc. Nevertheless, each of us encounters challenges that help shape and develop our lives. Challenges are not meant to kill anyone, but instead they are meant for people to reach their full potential in being able to find the answers and strength to be able to overcome the challenges we face. Each of us is born for a reason. It is impossible to tell what out fate is, but as time goes by, we start to find out just what our mission on Earth is. Frodo possesses the qualities of a Hero Archetype. Being a determined, resilient, trustworthy, and courageous individual, he is one that pleases everybody. Frodo never quit with being able to destroy the ring. Although he faced many challenges along the way, he managed to stay strong. He witnessed GandalfÃ¢â¬â¢s death, he was nearly dead, and he had to leave his home to complete the task, but despite all that he encountered along the way, he managed to be determined. There were many negative effects on Frodo, but he maintained his composure and stayed optimistic until the end. Each of us has been knocked down multiple times by school, work, or simply the stress that we all face. Being knocked down is for us to realize what we need to do to get back up. Determination is the key to withstanding any negative effects on life. If we have a positive outlook on life and how our future will be, we can start to be heroes of our own lives. FrodoÃ¢â¬â¢s goal was to destroy the ring. Facing the challenges that follows as he is on his journey may impact him. By being determined, his goal to protecting the ring from the evil is reached. In our lives, we have many goals in life that we want to reach. We make mistakes here and there, but we learn from them and grow stronger. By being determined and positive, we can make sure our goals are reached. During FrodoÃ¢â¬â¢s journey, his friends and individuals who help protect him from those that want to retrieve the ring from him accompany him. They guide him in his journey to find his way safely. They are there to protect him from the evil that surrounds him. During our lives, we befriend many individuals who help us with our future. These friends of ours, are people we trust, turn to when they are in need, or simply to have a sense of security. Just like Fordo being accompanied by his friends, we have friends we turn to when we need them. FrodoÃ¢â¬â¢s task is to protect the ring from the evil black riders that want it back. As he is on his journey, he makes many decisions that help him and his friends stay alive. The critical decision making that he makes throughout the film are vital in order to keep the ring in his possession, as well as stay alive. We are faced with making decisions that are crucial to our future. Without making the best decision, we cannot be successful in our lives. FrodoÃ¢â¬â¢s decision making made it possible for him to succeed. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Rings, is not just a film, but it also shows its comparison to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Frodo faces many challenges while he is set out on his quest to destroy the ring. Each of us, face challenges in our life that make it difficult for us to succeed, but by working extra hard, we can manage to overcome any challenge. Also, Frodo makes vital decisions that help with the safety and survival of Frodo and the group of followers. We face many points in our lives that consist of valuable decision-making. Those who want to protect him, as well as his friends accompany Frodo. During our lifetime, we befriend many people who become treasures to our hearts. Being able to have people we can turn to and trust is truly amazing. The film shows many relations between reality and how the movie is portrayed. As Frodo is on his journey to destroying the ring, he shows great heroism that is noticed by many. How to cite The Act of Valor, Essay examples
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Discuss about the HR Planning and Recruitment Factors. Answer: Factors that May impact Organization attraction of Talents for events and conference manager An environmental scan was carried out with an objective of examining the factors that are likely to affect the organizations ability to attract talent both in the short-term and long-term. These factors were classified into two: internal and external factors. Internal Factors These are the factors which the management has the power to control. These include recruitment policy, size of the organization, and cost of recruitment, Recruitment policy This is a significant aspect of HR planning for it contains the specific recruitment objectives and a framework for the implementation of the recruitment strategy. A good recruitment strategy should ensure equality and all applicants treated with dignity and respect, transparent, and in line with regulations on hiring. Potential employees are likely to be un-attracted by policies void of all or some of these features. Firm Size Prospective employees would like to engage themselves with developed organizations because they believe in such an environment the growth opportunities are numerous (Atkinson Storey, 2016). Recruitment cost Since the process of recruitment incurs a cost to the company, the management may settle for a method which is much cheaper at the expense of the quality of recruitment. This may end up attracting talents that are not best qualified for the position. External factors These comprise of external forces that the firm has no power over. Demand and supply If the demand for events and conference managers is high in the labor market, then there will be limited supply of potential candidates and vice versa (Shafique, 2012). Goodwill If the organization has a positive image to the public, then it will attract many potential employees compared to when it has a negative public image (Kim Park, 2011). Legal environment Specific government and union regulations do restrict the type or source of a candidate for employment. For stance, the Indian legislation on reserved jobs for specific castes (Siavelis, 2012). This limits the freedom of the HR to select the best performing candidates External Recruitment Strategy Recruitment Time outline November December 2017 The recruitment strategy meeting The recruitment team from the Human Resource department will meet to deliberate on: Methods of recruitment Job advertisements- will involve the use of local and international newspapers and recruitment fairs. This is an economical method, and many people are likely to be reached. Personal recommendation- Current employees will be allowed to recommend any competent candidate. This process is short and has high chances of getting the right candidate because the employees would like to safeguard their reputation Events Places like seminars and conferences can be used to get the target candidate. This method is trial and error, but its concise and has high chances of getting the right candidate. Any foreseeable recruitment challenges such as permanent vs. seasonal candidates, the flexibility of the candidates, and the issue of distance. Recruitment for long-term The recruitment process Posting of position- on job boards Posting closed all applications accepted until the specified closing date and time Applications reviewed and shortlisting- applications are reviewed, examined and vetted. Only the selected ones are contacted Shortlisted candidates forwarded to the HR department for selection References Atkinson, J., Storey, D. J. (Eds.). (2016).Employment, the small firm and the labour market. Routledge. Kim, S. Y., Park, H. (2011). Corporate social responsibility as an organizational attractiveness for prospective public relations practitioners.Journal of business ethics,103(4), 639-653. Shafique, O. (2012). Recruitment in the 21st Century. Siavelis, P. M. (2012).Pathways to power: Political recruitment and candidate selection in Latin America. Penn State Press.
Sunday, March 22, 2020
Aniety essays Jenny Bishop September 3, 1998 Social Phobias Everyone is afraid of something. Everyone experiences nervousness, anxiety and even in superior feelings around certain people. Some people possess these feelings so deeply that their fear is considered irrational. Even they realize that it is irrational and that they have a phobia. Millions of people suffer from phobias every day of their lives. The third largest psychological disorder in the United States is what psychologists have labelled a social phobia. A social phobia is the fear of social situations and the interactions with other people that can automatically bring on feelings of self-consciousness, judgement, evaluation, and scrutiny. They cannot overcome a social phobia without the patient first grasping exactly what triggers their fears, and then learning how to receive proper help. A social anxiety disorder or social phobia is the constant fear of being criticized or evaluated by other people. People with a social phobia are nervous, anxious, and afraid about many social situations. Simply attending a business meeting or going to a company party can be highly nerve wracking and intimidating. Although people with social anxiety want very much to be social with everyone else, their anxiety about not doing well in public is strong and hinders their best efforts. They freeze up when they meet new people, especially authority figures. They are particularly afraid that other people will notice that they are anxious, so this fear enables the anxiety to grow and turn into a vicious cycle. One example, a woman hates to stand in the grocery store because she is afraid that everyone is watching her. She knows that it is not really true, but she cannot shake the feeling. While she is shopping, she is conscious of the fact that people might be staring at her from the big mirrors on the inside front of the ceiling. Now, she has to talk to the person who is checking out the grocerie ...
Thursday, March 5, 2020
The Country of Jordan - Facts and History The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a stable oasis in the Middle East, and its government often plays the role of mediator between neighboring countries and factions.Ã Jordan came into being in the 20th century as part of the French and British division of the Arabian Peninsula; Jordan became a British Mandate under the UNs approval until 1946, when it became independent. Capital and Major Cities Capital:Ã Amman, population 2.5 million Major cities: Az Zarqa, 1.65 million Irbid, 650,000 Ar Ramtha, 120,000 Al Karak, 109,000 Government The Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy under the rule of King Abdullah II.Ã He serves as the chief executive and the commander-in-chief of Jordans armed forces.Ã The king also appoints all 60 members of one of the two houses of Parliament, the Majlis al-Aayan or Assembly of Notables. The other house of Parliament, the Majlis al-Nuwaab or Chamber of Deputies, has 120 members who are directly elected by the people.Ã Jordan has a multi-party system, although the majority of politicians run as independents.Ã By law, political parties can not be based on religion. Jordans court system is independent of the king, and includes a supreme court called the Court of Cassation, as well as several Courts of Appeal.Ã The lower courts are divided by the types of cases they hear into civil and sharia courts.Ã Civil courts decide criminal matters as well as some types of civil cases, including those that involve parties from different religions.Ã Sharia courts have jurisdiction over Muslim citizens only and hear cases involving marriage, divorce, inheritance, and charitable giving (waqf). Population The population of Jordan is estimated at 6.5 million as of 2012.Ã As a relatively stable part of a chaotic region, Jordan plays host to enormous numbers of refugees, as well.Ã Almost 2 million Palestinian refugees live in Jordan, many since 1948, and more than 300,000 of them still live in refugee camps.Ã They have been joined by some 15,000 Lebanese, 700,000 Iraqis, and most recently, 500,000 Syrians. About 98% of Jordanians are Arabs, with small populations of Circassians, Armenians, and Kurds making up the remaining 2%.Ã Approximately 83% of the population lives in urban areas.Ã The population growth rate is a very modest 0.14% as of 2013. Languages Jordans official language is Arabic.Ã English is the most commonly used second languageÃ and is widely spoken by middle and upper-class Jordanians. Religion Approximately 92% of Jordanians are Sunni Muslim, and Islam is the official religion of Jordan.Ã This number has rapidly increased over recent decades, as Christians formed 30% of the population as recently as 1950.Ã Today, just 6% of Jordanians are Christians - mostly Greek Orthodox, with smaller communities from other Orthodox churches.Ã The remaining 2% of the population are mostly Bahai or Druze. Geography Jordan has a total area of 89,342 square kilometers (34,495 square miles)Ã and is not quite landlocked.Ã Its only port city is Aqaba, situated on the narrow Gulf of Aqaba, which empties into the Red Sea.Ã Jordans coastline stretches just 26 kilometers, or 16 miles. To the south and east, Jordan borders on Saudi Arabia.Ã To the west is Israel and the Palestinian West Bank.Ã On the northern border sits Syria, while to the east is Iraq. Eastern Jordan is characterized by desert terrain, dotted with oases.Ã The western highland area is more suitable for agricultureÃ and boasts a Mediterranean climate and evergreen forests.Ã The highest point in Jordan is Jabal Umm al Dami, at 1,854 meters (6,083 feet) above sea level.Ã The lowest is the Dead Sea, at -420 meters (-1,378 feet). Climate The climate shades from Mediterranean to desert moving west to east across Jordan.Ã In the northwest, an average of about 500 mm (20 inches) or rain falls per year, while in the east the average is just 120 mm (4.7 inches).Ã Most of the precipitation falls between November and AprilÃ and may include snow at higher elevations. The highest recorded temperature in Amman, Jordan was 41.7 degrees Celsius (107 Fahrenheit).Ã The lowest was -5 degrees Celsius (23 Fahrenheit). Economy The World Bank labels Jordan an upper middle-income country, and its economy has grown slowly but steadily at about 2 to 4% per year over the past decade.Ã The kingdom has a small, struggling agricultural and industrial base, due in large part to its shortages of fresh water and oil.Ã Jordans per capita income is $6,100 US.Ã Its official unemployment rate is 12.5%, although the youth unemployment rate is closer to 30%.Ã Approximately 14% of Jordanians live below the poverty line. The government employs up to two-thirds of the Jordanian workforce, although King Abdullah has moved to privatize industry.Ã About 77% of Jordans workers are employed in the service sector, including trade and finance, transportation, public utilities, etc.Ã Tourism at sites such as the famous city of Petra accounts for about 12% of Jordans gross domestic product. Jordan hopes to improve its economic situation in coming years by bring four nuclear power plants on-line, which will reduce expensive diesel imports from Saudi Arabia, and by beginning to exploit its oil-shale reserves.Ã In the meanwhile, it relies on foreign aid. Jordans currency is the dinar, which has an exchange rate of 1 dinar 1.41 USD. History Archaeological evidence shows that humans have lived in what is now Jordan for at least 90,000 years.Ã This evidence includes Paleolithic tools such as knives, hand-axes, and scrapers made of flint and basalt. Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent, one of the world regions were agriculture likely originated during the Neolithic period (8,500 - 4,500 BCE).Ã People in the area likely domesticated grains, peas, lentils, goats, and later cats to protect their stored food from rodents.Ã Jordans written history begins in Biblical times, with the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab, and Edom, which are mentioned in the Old Testament.Ã The Roman Empire conquered much of what is now Jordan, even taking in 103 CE the powerful trading kingdom of the Nabateans, whose capital was the intricately carved city of Petra. After the Prophet Muhammad died, the first Muslim dynasty created the Umayyad Empire (661 - 750 CE), which included what is now Jordan.Ã Amman became a major provincial city in the Umayyad region called Al-Urdun, or Jordan.Ã When the Abbasid Empire (750 - 1258) moved its capital away from Damascus to Baghdad, to be closer to the center of their expanding empire, Jordan fell into obscurity. The Mongols brought down the Abbasid Caliphate in 1258, and Jordan came under their rule.Ã They were followed by the Crusaders, the Ayyubids, and the Mamluks in turn.Ã In 1517, Ottoman Empire conquered what is now Jordan. Under Ottoman rule, Jordan enjoyed benign neglect.Ã Functionally, local Arab governors ruled the region with little interference from Istanbul.Ã This continued for four centuriesÃ until the Ottoman Empire fell in 1922 after its defeat in World War I.Ã When the Ottoman Empire collapsed, the League of Nations assumed a mandate over its Middle Eastern territories.Ã Britain and France agreed to divide up the region, as the mandatory powers, with France taking Syria and Lebanon, and Britain taking Palestine (which included Transjordan).Ã In 1922, Britain assigned a Hashemite lord, Abdullah I, to govern Transjordan; his brother Faisal was appointed king of Syria, and later was moved to Iraq.Ã King Abdullah acquired a country with only about 200,000 citizens, approximately half of them nomadic.Ã On May 22, 1946, the United Nations abolished the mandate for Transjordan and it became a sovereign state.Ã Transjordan officially opposed the partition of Palestine and creation of Israel two years later, and joined in the 1948 Arab/Israeli War.Ã Israel prevailed, and the first of several floods of Palestinian refugees moved into Jordan. In 1950, Jordan annexed the West Bank and East Jerusalem, a move that most other nations refused to recognize.Ã The following year, a Palestinian assassin killed King Abdullah I during a visit to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.Ã The assassin was angry about Abdullahs land-grab of the Palestinian West Bank. A brief stint by Abdullahs mentally unstable son, Talal, was followed by the ascension of Abdullahs 18-year-old grandson to the throne in 1953.Ã The new king, Hussein, embarked on an experiment with liberalism, with a new constitution that guaranteed freedoms of speech, the press, and assembly.Ã In May of 1967, Jordan signed a mutual defense treaty with Egypt.Ã One month later, Israel obliterated the Egyptian, Syrian, Iraqi, and Jordanian militaries in the Six-Day War, and took the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan.Ã A second, larger wave of Palestinian refugees rushed into Jordan.Ã Soon, Palestinian militants (fedayeen) began causing trouble for their host-country, even highjacking three international flights and forcing them to land in Jordan.Ã In September of 1970, the Jordanian military launched an attack on the fedayeen; Syrian tanks invaded northern Jordan in support of the militants.Ã In JulyÃ 1971, the Jordanians defeated the Syrians and fedayeen, driving them across the border. Just two years later, Jordan sent an army brigade to Syria to help fend off the Israeli counteroffensive in the Yom Kippur War (Ramadan War) of 1973.Ã Jordan itself was not a target during that conflict.Ã In 1988, Jordan formally gave up its claim to the West Bank, and also announced its support for the Palestinians in their First Intifada against Israel. During the First Gulf War (1990 - 1991), Jordan supported Saddam Hussein, which caused a break-down of US/Jordanian relations.Ã The US withdrew aid from Jordan, causing economic distress.Ã To get back in international good graces, in 1994 Jordan signed a peace treaty with Israel, ending almost 50 years of declared war. In 1999, King Hussein died of lymphatic cancerÃ and was succeeded by his eldest son, who became King Abdullah II.Ã Under Abdullah, Jordan has followed a policy of non-entanglement with its volatile neighborsÃ and endured further influxes of refugees.
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Project risk analysis and assessment in oil and gas industry - Essay Example However, the main aim of this paper is to focus on limitations and problems of the tools and techniques of project risk analysis and assessment.Ã Risk and uncertainty examination has a few limitation and pitfalls in the principal idea. Every one of these strategies makes solid component of intervention and absence of crucial premise in risk and uncertainty examination. These insufficiencies will bring about shameful treatment of uncertainties. Those limits are exhibited here to give the pursuer a reflection on the utilization of current risk and uncertainty investigation in the down to earth instance of the reasonable undertaking stage (Perminova et al, 2008). Focus the discriminating parameter for subject of examination. This basis can be addressed. Sensitivity examination is not vulnerability investigation. Sensitivity just concerns on yield result as adjustment of info parameter. Dubious info parameter is not decided through utilization of sensitivity examination. The investigation on how dubious information parameter is excluded in this investigation. The target of risk and uncertainty examination is to anticipate future execution of dubious noticeable amounts that are not known at the season of examination. Envision the impact of oil stores to combined NPV of a field. In the event that saves has substantial measure of oil contained, venture NPV may be positive. Something else, NPV may be negative on the grounds that cost will be higher than oil deals given that saves are beneath sure measure of worth. Sensitivity investigation is led to explore how oil stores affects NPV. It has nothing to do with how indeterminate the stores, vulner ability of stores beneath certain quality, or total likelihood of stores in the middle of high and low esteem. Sensitivity investigation is not used to focus unverifiable data parameter for risk and uncertainty